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Testosterone (mouse/rat) ELISA Kit

Sensitive, Colorimetric Assay
Catalog #: K7418
$820.00

Product Details

Cat # +Size K7418-100
Size 100 assays
Detection Method Absorbance (450 nm)
Species Reactivity Mouse/rat
Applications This ELISA kit is used for quantitative protein detection, establishing normal range.
Features & Benefits • Easy, convenient and time-saving method to assay for mouse/rat Testosterone
• Cross Reactivity: No significant cross-reactivity or interference between this analyte and its analogues was observed.
Kit Components • Microplate coated with Goat Anti-Rabbit IgG, 96 wells
• Standard: (0.5 ml) (ready to use)
• Rabbit Anti-Testosterone Reagent
• Assay Diluent
• Enzyme Conjugate (20X)
• Wash Buffer (20X)
• TMB Substrate (ready to use)
• Stop Solution (ready to use)
Storage Conditions 2-8°C
Shipping Conditions Gel Pack
USAGE For Research Use Only! Not For Use in Humans.

Details

Testosterone is the most important androgen secreted into the blood. In males, testosterone is secreted primarily by the Leydig cells of the testes; in females ca. 50% of circulating testosterone is derived from peripheral conversion of androstenedione, ca. 25% from the ovary and ca. 25% from the adrenal glands. In women, high levels of testosterone are generally found in hirsutism and virilization, polycystic ovaries, ovarian tumors, adrenal tumors and adrenal hyperplasia. In men, high levels of testosterone are associated to the hypothalamic pituitary unit diseases, testicular tumors, congenital adrenal hyperplasia and prostate cancer. Low levels of testosterone can be found in patients with the following diseases: Hypopituitarism, Klinefelter’s syndrome, Testicular feminization, or chidectomy and Cryptorchidism, enzymatic defects and some autoimmune diseases. BioVision’s Testosterone EIA kit is based on the principle of competitive binding between Testosterone in the test specimen and Testosterone-HRP conjugate for a constant amount of rabbit anti-Testosterone. In the incubation, goat anti-rabbit IgG-coated wells are incubated with 25 μl of Testosterone standards, controls, samples, 100 μl Testosterone-HRP conjugate reagent and 50 μl rabbit anti-testosterone reagent at room temperature for 60 min. During the incubation, a fixed amount of HRP-labeled Testosterone competes with the endogenous Testosterone in the standard, sample, or quality control serum for a fixed number of binding sites of the specific Testosterone antibody. Thus, the amount of Testosterone peroxidase conjugate immunologically bound to the well progressively decreases as the concentration of Testosterone in the specimen increases. Unbound Testosterone peroxidase conjugate is then removed and the wells are washed. Next, a solution of TMB Reagent is then added and incubated at room temperature for 15 min., resulting in the development of blue color. The color development is stopped with the addition of stop solution, and the absorbance is measured spectrophotometrically at 450nm.


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What is a sandwich ELISA?
The analyte of interest in a sample is "sandwiched" by an immobilized capture antibody coated on the plate and a labeled antibody used for detection. Sandwich ELISA is very sensitive. The density of color is proportional to the amount of analyte captured from the samples and can be quantified when compared with standard curve.
What is a competitive ELISA?
The endogenous unlabled analyte of interest in a sample is "competed" by the exogenous labeled antigen coated on the plate for a limited amount of antibody binding sites. Therefore, the lower signal indicate higher concentration of the analyte.
What dilution range should I use for the samples?
A preliminary experiment is always recommended when working with new samples and ELISA Kits to ensure all results fall within the detection range.
Can I extend the standard curve (in either direction)?
Extended standard curve is not recommended by BioVision.
What type of software is needed to graph a 4-parameter or 5-parameter curve?
SoftMax Pro by Molecular Devices, SigmaPlot® by Systat Software Inc., or others can be used for this purpose.
Low absorbance; No signal
Target present below detection limits of assay
Reduce dilution factor to increase sample concentration  (Preliminary experiment is recommended for optimal dilution range)
Incompatible sample types
Use samples recommended by the kit
Standard dilutions are unstable
Use fresh standard dilutions
Buffers/substrates are contaminated
Use new buffers and substrates
Insufficient incubation time 
Extend incubation time
Cover or seal plates during all incubation 
Plate washings too vigorous
Pipette wash buffer gently or make sure the automatic wash system has correct pressure
Wells scratched with pipette or washing tips
Use caution when dispensing and aspirating into and out of wells
Incubation temperature too low
Ensure incubations are carried out at temperatures recommended by the manual
Reagents are cold
Bring all reagents to room temperature before each assay
Plate read at incorrect wavelength

Ensure the plate reader is set at the correct wavelength recommended on the protocol

High Background
Insufficient washing
Increase number of washes; Add a 30 second soaking step in between washes;  at the end of each washing step, invert plate on absorbent tissue to completely drain all wells
Residual buffer/substrates remain in wells
Remove all residual buffer and substrates at the end of each wash
Too much HRP-Streptavidin
Centrifuge and mix the substrate vial before use to avoid percipitation and inconsistent HRP concentration
Excessive incubation time
Reduce incubation time
Substrate incubation carry out in light or wait too long to read plate after adding stop solution
Avoid light during incubation and read signals immediately after adding stop solution
Standards improperly reconstituted or diluted
Briefly spin vials before opening; inspect for undissolved material after reconstitution
Poor standard curve
Standard improperly diluted
Confirm dilutions are made correctly
Standard dilutions are unstable
Use freshly diluted standards
Pipetting error 
use calibrated pipette and stay consistent between each pipette
Curve doesn't fit scale
Try plotting using different scales  (log-log, 4 parameter logistic, 5 parameter etc.)
Large intra-coefficient of variation (CV)
Bubbles in wells
Avoid bubbles during experiment, eliminate all bubbles prior to reading
Insufficient washing
Increase number of washes; add a 30 second soak step in between washes;  at the end of each washing step, invert plate on absorbent tissue to completely drain all wells
Wells not washed equally/thoroughly
Use calibrated (automated) multi-channel pipette for consistent handling, make sure all parts of the automated washer are unobstructed
Edge effects
Seal the plate completely during incubation
Incomplete reagent mixing
Make sure all reagents are mixed thoroughly during each step
Inconsistent sample preparation or storage
Consistent sample preparation. Optimize sample storage conditions and minimize freeze and thaw cycles
Stacked plates
Avoid stacking plates during incubation
Plate sealers not used or reused
Cover assay plate with plate sealer, use a fresh sealer each time to prevent contamination
Large inter-coefficient of variation (CV))
Insufficient washing
Increase number of washes; add a 30 second soak step in between washes;  at the end of each washing step, invert plate on absorbent tissue to completely drain all wells
Inconsistent incubation temperature
Make sure to follow recommended incubation temperatures. Avoid fluctuations in temperature due to environmental conditions.
Plate sealers not used or reused
Cover assay plate with plate sealer, use a fresh sealer each time to prevent contamination