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3-Nitropropionic acid

An irreversible inactivator of succinate dehydrogenase.
Catalog #: 2093
SKU-Size Size Price Qty
2093-50 50 mg
2093-250 250 mg
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Product Details

Alternate Name 3-NP
Appearance Colorless to slight yellow solid
CAS # 504-88-1
Molecular Formula C₃H₅NO₄
Molecular Weight 119.08
Purity ≥97% by titration
Solubility Ethanol (~100 mg/ml)
SMILES C(C[N+](=O)[O-])C(=O)O
InChi InChI=1S/C3H5NO4/c5-3(6)1-2-4(7)8/h1-2H2,(H,5,6)
PubChem CID 1678
MDL Number MFCD00007406
Handling Protect from air and light
Storage Conditions -20°C
Shipping Conditions Gel Pack
USAGE For Research Use Only! Not For Use in Humans.


A plant and fungal toxin, 3-nitropropionic acid acts as an irreversible inactivator of succinate dehydrogenase. Selectively inhibits succinic dehydrogenase complex (Complex II) in the mitochondrial electron transport chain. Also shown to cause brain lesions similar to those of Huntington′s disease.

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